How Salt Works
Advice on dealing with severe snow

How Salt Works

How Salt Works

The Salt Mines in Northern Ireland extract up to half a million tonnes of rock salt grit every year for use on the roads all
over Ireland and the UK and even as far as the USA. The Rock Salt Grit is more than 90% pure Sodium Chloride (salt)
with the remaining insolubles being mostly Marl (mudstone or siltstone). This Marl helps improve traction under foot and
between the wheels of vehicles and the highway. It is preferred by the Road Service for de-icing the public highways -
over 2 million tonnes are spread on UK roads every year.

How Salt Works

Salt works by lowering the melting point of ice. When salt mixes with water or moisture, it creates a saline solution (salty
water). In the same way as it needs to be really cold for seawater to freeze, this saline solution will freeze at a lower
point than fresh water. The temperature at which it freezes will depend on the salinity of the water (how salty it is).

Does salt work on snow?

Salt will not directly melt snow. It needs to mix with water or moisture to create a saline solution which will in turn melt
snow. The Road Service often tells us that the roads have been gritted but it takes cars to drive through the snow to
mix up the salt and snow and moisture to help with the melting process.

Is it better to put salt down before or after snow?

Scattering salt on top of snow will have a limited effect. There needs to be a salt saline mix on the ground for the snow
to land on and in turn melt. The salt will reduce the chance of the snow freezing to the ground. If there are heavy falls
of snow, the snow will simply lie on top of the snow. The snow will need to be cleared away (ploughed or pushed) and
salt spread on the ground to reduce the build up of ice.

Can I keep my salt for next year?

Rock Salt has been forming in the ground for hundreds of millions of years. Of course it is best that it is kept somewhere
dry so it does not dissolve but if it is stored properly, in its sealed bags preferably, then it should definitely keep for
another year or more if it is not used this winter. There is an anti-caking agent added to the salt which works by
preventing it from clumping together even it does get wet.

Which salt works better - white salt or brown salt?

Both are relatively equally effective providing the salt content is the same. White is preffered by some as it cant be seen
and doesnt stain the snow. The Rock Salt Grit is preferred for providing better traction under foot.

Where does the salt come from?

Our brown Rock Salt Grit is mined under the Belfast Lough. Our white salt is usually European salt.
Advice in dealing with severe snow conditions
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How Salt Works

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How Salt Works
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